History's HEROES? Dated 1412 - May 30, 1431

Joan of Arc

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Joan was born in a small village called Domremy in France



    • Brave / Courageous
    • A good and strong leader
    • Inspiring / Charismatic
    • Determined
    • Just and fair minded

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    Maid of Orleans

    Joan was an inspiring young woman that fought for the rightful heir of the throne of France in 1420

    Joan of Arc, daughter of Jacques d'Arc, was born in 1412 in the village of Domremy in France. She is not taught how to write or read but she practiced praying and religious acts at Catholic Church. France and England are at war (now called "Hundred Year's war") and England has the upper hand. In 1420 a peace treaty was signed which disinherited the Prince of France; Charles of Valois and King Henry V are named sovereign France and England. With its allies of France, England had occupied much of the north of France which includes the city where Joan had to live. They were forced to abandon their homes. At age 13 Joan says she can hear voices sent by God who had given her an important mission to save France by expelling enemies and installing Charles as the legitimate king. When she was 16 her father had organized a wedding for her. But she has to convince a local court that she should not be forced to accept the match. On May 1428, Joan had arrived at Vaucouleurs which is a stronghold of his who are faithful to Charles. When her return was rejected by Robert de Baudricourt she cut her hair and dressed in clothes for men. When she arrived she promised Charles that he was going to be crowned king at Remis. To complete this promise she had asked for Charles gave her an army to beat the English. Against the advice of several of his advisers and generals, Charles had fulfilled his wish and Joan had left for Orleans dance March in 1429, dressed in white armor and riding a white horse. After she had sent a letter of challenge to the enemy, she had conducted several assaults against them causing him to retreat across the Loire River. After this victory, Joan's reputation had spread among the French forces. She had escorted Charles across enemy territory to Reims. Charles was crowned on July in 1429. In the spring of 1430, the king had told Joan to confront a Burgundian assault in Compiegne. In her effort to defend the city and its inhabitants, Joan was thrown from her horse and left outside the closed doors. The Burgundians took her captive and took her to Bullfinch Castle. Joan is ordered to answer 70 charges that included witchcraft and dressing like a man. The Anglo-Burgundians wanted to get rid of Joan and Charles. In trying to stand out from the heretic and wizard access, Charles did not attempt to negotiate Joan's release. On the morning of May 30, 1431, on the age of 19, Joan was taken to the old market of Rouen and burned at the stake. 20 years later, a new trial ordered by Charles VII erased her name.

    Life in Joan of Arc's world

    Joan's life was a very hard one. Woman were still facing inequality with men at that time. She fought for a right cause and herself even though in the end she was betrayed by Charles. She was courageous and never backed out on her mission which makes her a truly extraordinary woman.

    Was Joan of Arc a Hero?

    • She fought for a right cause
    • She sacrificed herself for the independence of France
    • She never backed down on what was right

    Things you might not know about Joan of Arc

    She was killed when she was 19 and declared innocent 20 years after.
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