History's HEROES? Dated 25-12-1876 - 11-9-1948

Muhammad Ali Jinnah

Created by

Hadiya

Location

subcontinent
He was born in Karachi in a Muslim family and got his primary education from there as well.He worked for the development of Muslims and after a very long struggle of 40 years got an independent country for the Muslims named Pakistan.He was buried in Karachi (Pakistan).

Achievements

  • Got a separate homeland for muslims
  • Changed the map of the world

Characteristics

  • Brave / Courageous
  • A good and strong leader
  • Altruistic (puts other first e.g. risks or gives life for others)
  • Clever
  • Visionary (has far reaching ideas)
  • Good or moral (strong beliefs or principles)
  • Has integrity (stands up for what they believe and act accordingly)
  • Perseverant / Tenacious (keeps going despite challenges)
  • Decisive
  • Single minded / Focused (has a purpose)
  • Inspiring / Charismatic
  • Determined
  • Ambitious
  • Wise
  • Honest
  • Kind and compassionate
  • Just and fair minded

Quotations

"Failure is a world unknown to me" - Muhammad ali jinnah

"Think hundred times before you take a decision but once the decision is taken stand by it as a man" - Muhammad Ali Jinnah

The man who served as a lawyer,politician and gave freedom to his fellowmen

Born in Karachi and trained as a barrister at Lincoln's Inn in London. Jinnah worked for Hindu Muslim unity primarily but  by 1940, Jinnah had come to believe that Indian Muslims should have their own state.He found a Muslim-majority state, to be called Pakistan.

Muhammad Ali Jinnah was a great leader of Muslims of the Subcontinent. In 1906, Jinnah joined the Indian National Congress, which was the largest Indian political organization. Like most of the Congress at the time, Jinnah did not favour outright independence, considering British influences on education, law, culture and industry as beneficial to India. Jinnah became a member on the 60-member Imperial Legislative Council. The council had no real power, and included a large number of un-elected pro-Raj loyalists and Europeans. Jinnah had initially avoided joining the All India Muslim League, founded in 1906, regarding it as too Muslim oriented. However, he decided to provide leadership to the Muslim minority. Eventually, he joined the League in 1913 and became the president at the 1916 session in Lucknow. Jinnah was the architect of the 1916 Lucknow Pact between the Congress and the League, bringing them together on most issues regarding self-government and presenting a united front to the British. In 1924, Jinnah reorganized the Muslim League, of which he had been president since 1916, and devoted the next seven years attempting to bring about unity among the disparate ranks of Muslims and to develop a rational formula to effect a Hindu-Muslim settlement, which he considered the pre condition for Indian freedom. He attended several unity conferences, wrote the Delhi Muslim Proposals in 1927, pleaded for the incorporation of the basic Muslim demands in the Nehru report. Jinnah broke with the Congress in 1920 when the Congress leader, Mohandas Gandhi, launched a Non-Cooperation Movement against the British, which Jinnah disapproved of. Unlike most Congress leaders, Gandhi did not wear western-style clothing, did his best to use an Indian language instead of English, and was deeply rooted in Indian culture. Gandhi's local style of leadership gained great popularity with the Indian people. Jinnah criticized Gandhi's support of the Khilafat Movement, which he saw as an endorsement of religious zealotry. Jinnah quit the Congress, with a prophetic warning that Gandhi's method of mass struggle would lead to divisions between Hindus and Muslims and within the two communities. Becoming president of the Muslim League, Jinnah was drawn into a conflict between a pro-Congress faction and a pro-British faction.In 1941, Muhammad Ali Jinnah founded Dawn, a major newspaper that helped him propagate the League's point of views. Jinnah felt that the state of Pakistan should stand upon true Islamic tradition in culture, civilization and national identity rather than on the principles of Islam as a theocratic state. In 1937, Jinnah further defended his ideology of equality in his speech to the All-India Muslim League in Lucknow where he stated, "Settlement can only be achieved between equals." He also had a rebuttal to Nehru's statement which argued that the only two parties that mattered in India were the British Raj and INC. Jinnah stated that the Muslim League was the third and "equal partner" within Indian politics. Jinnah became the first Governor-General of Pakistan and president of its constituent assembly. Pakistanis view Jinnah as their revered founding father, a man that was dedicated to safeguarding Muslim interests during the dying days of the British Raj. Most of the Pakistanis take Jinnah as hero for their personal lives.

Life in Muhammad Ali Jinnah's world

In his world the life of common Muslim was a very difficult one and Allah sent him as a torch bearer for the Muslims of Subcontinent.

Was Muhammad Ali Jinnah a Hero?

  • He fought a battle without any violence
  • Won a country without any battle
  • In the history of world made second country in the name of religion Islam

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