History's HEROES? Dated 1921 - 1943

Sophie Magdalena Scholl

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Munich, Germany
She was executed there.


  • She fought agianst the nazi regime and gave people hope


  • Brave / Courageous
  • Altruistic (puts other first e.g. risks or gives life for others)
  • Clever
  • Visionary (has far reaching ideas)
  • Good or moral (strong beliefs or principles)
  • Perseverant / Tenacious (keeps going despite challenges)
  • Determined
  • Honest


"She went without the flicker of an eyelash. None of us understood how this was possible. The executioner said he never had seen anyone meet his end as she did." - one of the prison guards on Sophie`s execution

Fought against the Nazi-regime and was active within the White Rose.

Sophie Scholl was a German student who fought with her brother Hans against the Nazi regime in Germany. She was active within the White Rose, a non-violent resistance group to Hitler and the Nazi party. After distributing anti-war leaflets at the University of Munich, she was executed by guillotine.

Sophie Scholl was born on 9 May 1921 in Forchtenberg in Germany. She was the fourth of six children and brought up as a Lutheran Christian. She grew up in Forchtenberg with her sisters Inge and Elisabeth and her brothers Hans and Werner. In 1930, the family moved to Ludwigsburg and two years later to Ulm. In 1932, Sophie Scholl started attending a school for girls. At the age of twelve, she decided to join the “Bund Deutscher Mädel”, as did most of her friends and classmates. Her initial enthusiasm changed into critic towards the ideology of the Nazis. The arrest of her brothers and friends in 1937 for participating in the German Youth Movement left a strong impression on her. In spring 1940, she graduated from secondary school and became a Kindergarten teacher. Sophie had chosen this job hoping the job would be recognized as an alternative service to the Reichsarbeitsdienst. This was not the case and in spring 1941, she served as a nursery teacher in Blumberg. In May 1942 she began studying biology and and philosophy at the University of Munich. Her brother Hans, who was studying medicine there, introduced her to his friends, who were a part of the White Rose. This group distributed anti-Nazi political resistance leaflets in Munich and other German cities. Her brother tried to keep her unaware of their activities, but once Sophie discovered them, she joined the group. Her chances of being stopped by the SS as a woman were much smaller. On 18 February 1943, Sophie and the other members of the White Rose were arrested for distributing leaflets at the University of Munich. Four days later, Sophie, her brother Hans and a member of the With Rose were condemned to death and beheaded by the guillotine.

Life in Sophie Magdalena Scholl's world

In 1933 Hitler came to power and began controlling all aspects of German Society. Especially for young people it was very diffcult to have an own opinion, because they were controlled by the Nazi Regime. The persecution and systematic extermination of Jews and political opponents in Germany and the occupied territories of Hitler started, but his main aim was the world dominations. Therefore he began a war against other countries, but he was defeated 1945 by the allied armies. During his rule he killed more then 6 Million persons in concentration camps.

Was Sophie Magdalena Scholl a Hero?

  • She defend christian values
  • She rebelled against the nazi regime
  • She gave her life for her ideals

Things you might not know about Sophie Magdalena Scholl

Sophies last words were: "How can we expect righteousness to prevail when there is hardly anyone willing to give himself up individually to a righteous cause. Such a fine, sunny day, and I have to go, but what does my death matter, if through us, thousands of people are awakened and stirred to action?"


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