History's HEROES? Dated 1921 - 1943

Sophie Scholl

Created by

Fabio B


Lived, studied and died there


  • Activist against the totalitarian Nazi-regime
  • Was honoured several times for her corageous actions


  • Brave / Courageous
  • Altruistic (puts other first e.g. risks or gives life for others)
  • Clever
  • Visionary (has far reaching ideas)
  • Good or moral (strong beliefs or principles)
  • Has integrity (stands up for what they believe and act accordingly)
  • Perseverant / Tenacious (keeps going despite challenges)
  • Decisive
  • Determined
  • Wise
  • Honest
  • Just and fair minded

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"How can we expect righteousness to prevail when there is hardly anyone willing to give himself up individually to a righteous cause. Such a fine, sunny day, and I have to go, but what does my death matter, if through us, thousands of people are awakened and stirred to action?" - Sophie Scholl

"Stand up for what you believe in even if you are standing alone" - Sophie Scholl

The woman who preferred sacrifice for humanity to an inhuman life

She and her group, the White Rose, fought bitterly against the regime of Nazi-Germany. Her courage and perseverance were annihilated with violence; she was executed because of her peaceful beliefs.

Sophia Magdalena Scholl, also known as Sophie Scholl, was born on 9 May, 1921 in Forchtenberg am Kocher, in Germany. At the age of eleven, she joined the "Bund Deutscher Mädel" (League of German Girls), a female youth organization in Nazi-Germany. Her initial enthusiasm in relationship to the organization continuously altered into disagreement and criticism. Her criticism in relationship to Hitler's dictatorship was steadily growing, too. After having graduated in 1940, she started attending the University of Munich. As her brother Hans was studying there as well, she eventually came across the White Rose, a non-violent resistance group against Nazi-Germany he was involved in. She was instantly enthusiastic about the organization and started spreading its leaflets campaigning against the dictatorship. But on 18 February 1943, she was caught with her brother and their fellow Christoph Probst while handing out the sixth leaflet at the University of Munich. Sentenced to death, she was executed by guillotine four days later.

Life in Sophie Scholl's world

From 1933 to 1945, Adolf Hitler and ruled Germany. Elected by the majority of Germans in 1933, he transformed the Weimar Republic, which was established after World War I, into the totalitarian dictatorship of Nazi-Germany. Hitler's regime was based on his highly radical and racist ideology. In fact, one of his aims was eliminating those people from Germany that he considered as inferior. He especially drew the world's attention by committing a genocide of at least 5.5 million Jews, the so-called holocaust. Moreover, freedom of speech was severely violated in Nazi-Germany. Hitler's opponents were executed and the population was under constant surveillance. Adolf Hitler was also a central figure during World War II, which broke out in 1939 given to his aggressive foreign policy. The war kept lasting for almost six years. By the time Germany had capitulated and Hitler had committed suicide in 1945, two years after Sophie Scholl's death, the somber era of National Socialism was over.

Was Sophie Scholl a Hero?

  • She sacrificed herself fighting against Adolf Hitler's ruthless dictatorship
  • Not even death could frighten her while everybody else preferred looking away
  • She didn't give up and fought for what she believed in
  • She urged the German population to oppose Hitler

Things you might not know about Sophie Scholl

Sophie Scholl had a relationship with Fritz Hartnagel, who had to fight at the Eastern front during World War II. In January 1943, he was evacuated from Stalingrad, but he didn't arrive in Germany before her execution. He married her older sister Elisabeth.
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