History's HEROES? Dated 1918/21 - 1943

The Scholl siblings

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Munich, Nazi Germany
Place of their non-violent protests



    • Brave / Courageous
    • Decisive
    • Ambitious


    "Somebody, after all, had to make a start. What we wrote and said is also believed by many others. They just don\'t dare express themselves as we did." - Sophie Scholl

    The ones who were executed because of their non-violent resistence agains the Nazi regime

    Hans and Sophie Scholl lived in the Nazi Germany and made part of the White Rose, a student group in Munich protesting against Hitler and the totalitarian regime.

    The Scholl siblings, Hans and Sophie, were both students at the Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich. Their father, Robert Scholl, was a very important political person, as he had been the major of their hometown Forchtenberg am Kocher (in northern Baden-Wurttemberg) and an ardent critic of the Nazi regime. That's also a reason why both the children started early to develop own opinions and thoughts about this totalitarian system. Especially Sophie tried to resist Hitler passively: when possible she tried to avoid the Reichsarbeitsdienst (National Labor Service) by working as a kindergartner. After some years, then, Sophie started her studies at the University of Munich by studying biology and philosophy. There she joined the circle of friends of her brother Hans, who studied medicine at the same University. All of these friends had a very critical view on the Nazi Germany too and so they decided to found the White Rose movement.

    Life in The Scholl siblings's world

    With this White Rose movement, the siblings started to oppose Hitler and his regime, mainly by distributing flyers expressing their opinion on the war and Hitler. However, on February 18th 1943, while the two siblings were distributing flyers at University, they were caught by the custodian, Jakob Schmid, who immediately informed the Gestapo. Because of to that, they were arrested and executed only four days later, on February 22nd 1943.

    Was The Scholl siblings a Hero?

    Things you might not know about The Scholl siblings

    When we are talking about the Scholl siblings, we only think about Hans and Sophie. But in fact, the Scholl siblings would be in total six: Inge, Hans, Elisabeth, Sophie, Werner and Thilde Scholl. Moreover, every year, in memory and honor of the siblings, in Munich the literary prize 'Geschwister-Scholl-Preis' honors the book, which "shows intellectual independence and supports civil freedom, moral, intellectual and aesthetic courage and that gives an important impulse to the present awareness of responsibility".

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