History's HEROES? Dated 1717 - 1780

Maria Theresia of Austria

Created by

Anna Lena


Place of birth, lived and worked there, buried there


  • Every child could attend school
  • Every child was now educated
  • Civil rights for the whole population
  • Every gender was accepted


  • Brave / Courageous
  • A good and strong leader
  • Clever
  • Good or moral (strong beliefs or principles)
  • Has integrity (stands up for what they believe and act accordingly)
  • Perseverant / Tenacious (keeps going despite challenges)
  • Decisive
  • Inspiring / Charismatic
  • Determined
  • Ambitious
  • Wise
  • Kind and compassionate
  • Just and fair minded

External link

visit google


"Do you know what I compare to this death of Maria Theresia? An ink-pot one has poured out about the map of Europe. " - Ferdinando Galiani

"To abolish the prostitution, one would have to abolish the men. " - Maria Theresia

The ruler who helped the poor ones

She was the only female ruler of the Habsburg dominions. By marriage, she was Duchess of Lorraine, Grand Duchess of Tuscany and Holy Roman Empress. She helped the poor ones.

Maria Theresia was the only female ruler of the Habsburg dominions. She started her 40-year reign when her father, died in October 1740. Maria Theresa and her husband had sixteen children. Maria Theresa was the absolute sovereign who ruled by the counsel of her advisers. Maria Theresa was a serious and reserved child who enjoyed singing and archery. She was educated in drawing, painting, music and dancing. The question of Maria Theresa's marriage was raised early in her childhood. She was first engaged to be married to Leopold Clement of Lorraine, who was supposed to visit Vienna and meet the Archduchess in 1723. However, news reached Vienna that he had died of smallpox(Pocken). Leopold Clement's younger brother, Francis Stephen was then invited to Vienna. She fought two dynastic wars: Seven Years' War and War of the Austrian Succession. Maria Theresa was as conservative in manners of state as in those of religion, but implemented significant reforms to strengthen Austria's military and bureaucratic efficiency. Among other reforms was the Codex Theresianus, begun in 1752 and finished in 1766, that defined civil rights.Aware of the inadequacy of bureaucracy in Austria and, in order to improve it, Maria Theresa reformed education in 1775. In a new school system based on the Prussian one, all children of both genders from the ages of six to twelve had to attend school.

Life in Maria Theresia of Austria's world

The people used to have many children but often only a few survived. The children get married very early in their life. The Hygiene fell short and many people died of illnesses. There existed social classes and the people used to pray a lot. Before the reform of Maria, not every child could attend school and not everybody had civil rights.

Was Maria Theresia of Austria a Hero?

  • She helped the poor ones
  • A young monarch who fought two dynastic wars
  • Made many reforms

Things you might not know about Maria Theresia of Austria

She had a special and an extra long title: Maria Theresa, by the Grace of God, Dowager Empress of the Romans, Queen of Hungary, of Bohemia, of Dalmatia, of Croatia, of Slavonia, of Galicia, of Lodomeria, etc.; Archduchess of Austria; Duchess of Burgundy, of Styria, of Carinthia and of Carniola; Grand Princess of Transylvania; Margravine of Moravia; Duchess of Brabant, of Limburg, of Luxemburg, of Guelders, of Württemberg, of Upper and Lower Silesia, of Milan, of Mantua, of Parma, of Piacenza, of Guastalla, of Auschwitz and of Zator; Princess of Swabia; Princely Countess of Habsburg, of Flanders, of Tyrol, of Hainault, of Kyburg, of Gorizia and of Gradisca; Margravine of Burgau, of Upper and Lower Lusatia; Countess of Namur; Lady of the Wendish Mark and of Mechlin; Dowager Duchess of Lorraine and Bar, Dowager Grand Duchess of Tuscany.


 bytes image/jpegFile information:

E2B® and E2BN® are registered trade marks and trading names of East of England Broadband Network (Company Registration No. 04649057)
Terms and Conditions