History's HEROES? Dated 7/18/18 - 12/5/13

Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela

Created by

Nicole Nagamatsu

Location

Mvezo, South Africa
Lived in

Achievements

  • Co-founded ANC youth league (ANCYL).
  • Awarded Nobel Peace Prize, with F.W. de Klerk.
  • With help from Oliver Tambo, opened the first black law firm.
  • Co-founded and became the first leader of Umkhonto we Sizwe(MK).
  • In 1994, became the first black president in South Africa.
  • Created the Truth and Reconciliation Commission.
  • Introduced programs, both social and econimal, to help the lives of the black population.
  • Created many organizations, such as the Nelson Mandela Foundation and The Elders.
  • Became a vocal supporter for AIDS treatment and awareness.
  • United Nations named July 18 "Nelson Mandela International Day."

Characteristics

  • Brave / Courageous
  • A good and strong leader
  • Altruistic (puts other first e.g. risks or gives life for others)
  • Clever
  • Visionary (has far reaching ideas)
  • Perseverant / Tenacious (keeps going despite challenges)
  • Decisive
  • Inspiring / Charismatic
  • Determined
  • Ambitious
  • Wise
  • Kind and compassionate
  • Just and fair minded

External link

Visit History.com for more information

Quotations

"If you want to make peace with your enemy, you have to work with your enemy. Then he becomes your partner." - Nelson Mandela

"It always seems impossible until it's done." - Nelson Mandela

The man who wouldn't stop fighting for equality

Nelson Mandela was the first black president in South Africa and fought for human rights. He inspired many to follow him and solved many racial problems.

Nelson Mandela was born into the Xhosa-speaking Thembu tribe in the village of Mvezo. His father, Gadla Henry Mphakanyiswa, was a chief in this village and his mother was named Nosekeni Fanny. After his father died in 1927, a nine year old Mandela was adopted by Jongintaba Dalindyebo who taught him many things about leadership and gave him a formal education. Years later, after uncovering an arranged marriage set up for him, he ran away to Johannesburg, where he studied law at University of Witwatersrand. Here he began his journey with the movement against racial discrimination. Then, he joined the African National Congress(ANC), in 1944, where he created its youth league with fellow party members. He married Evelyn Ntoko Mase in that same year and, before their divorce in 1957, they had four children. In 1962, Mandela, along with some others, was sentenced to prison for life, because of his actions with ANC. However, on February 11, 1990, he was released on an order from president F. W. de Klerk. A few years after his release, Mandela was elected as the first black president of South Africa. During presidency, he established many social and economic programs created to help the lives of the black population in South Africa, as well as built the Truth and Reconciliation Commission to investigate human rights and the wrongdoings in the political world. After retiring as president, Mandela remained a dedicated figure for peace and social justice. Even after his death in 2013, the memory of what he did for his country and what he inspired around the world continues to live.

Life in Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela's world

Life was unfair for Mandela, as it was for every black man in South Africa at this time. Racial discrimination and apartheid separated the blacks from the whites, taking away human rights for the blacks. They were stripped of their citizenship and of political representation, as well as access to the same places as whites.

Was Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela a Hero?

  • He was willing to make sacrifices for others and the greater good.
  • He didn't give up. Even after being arrested, he still didn't stand down.
  • He was brave enough to lead the movement and stood up for what he believed in.
  • He fought for human right for everybody. He didn't want revenge, he wanted peace and he showed it by caring for each individual person.
  • He was clever and sneaky. Essentially, he had to go behind the government's back to fight for his cause. Some of what he did was illegal and there was too much at risk to get caught.

Things you might not know about Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela

He did boxing and track when is was young.
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