History's HEROES? Dated 2/4/1913 - 10/24/2005

Rosa Louise McCauley Parks

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Tuskegee, Alabama & Montgomery, Alabama
Born in Tuskegee, lived in Montgomery


  • Bus segregation rights
  • Martin Luther King Jr. award
  • My Story, book published
  • Quiet Strength, book published
  • Presidential Medal of Freedom
  • Congressional Gold Medal
  • The Rosa Parks Library & Museum
  • Rosa & Raymond Parks Institute for Self Development
  • Body viewed in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda
  • A statue of her was put in the National Statuary Hall in Washington,D.C.


  • Brave / Courageous
  • A good and strong leader
  • Good or moral (strong beliefs or principles)
  • Has integrity (stands up for what they believe and act accordingly)
  • Perseverant / Tenacious (keeps going despite challenges)
  • Decisive
  • Inspiring / Charismatic
  • Ambitious
  • Wise
  • Honest
  • Kind and compassionate
  • Just and fair minded


"I have learned over the years that when one's mind is made up, this diminishes fear; knowing what must be done does away with fear."" - Rosa Parks

"The only tired I was, was tired of giving in" - Rosa Parks

The woman who wouldn't give up her seat

She refused to surrender her bus seat to a white person. The city of Montgomery had no choice but to lift the law requiring segregation on public buses.

Rosa Parks was an African-American civil rights activist. The United States Congress called her "the first lady of civil rights", and "the mother of the freedom movement." She was 19 when she got married. Rosa was arrested on December 1st, for not giving up her seat for a white person on the bus. She moved, & attended Martin Luther King' "IHave a Dream" speech. She published a book about herself, & a statue was built for her in National Statuary Hall in Washington, D.C.

Life in Rosa Louise McCauley Parks's world

Black people were treated unfairly compared to white people

Was Rosa Louise McCauley Parks a Hero?

  • She stood up against racism
  • She never gave up
  • She went to jail, but kept fighting for rights
  • She was courageous
  • She was brave
  • Not afraid to stand up for what she thought was right
  • Bus segregation went away because of her
  • Tenatious
  • Inspiring
  • Visionary

Things you might not know about Rosa Louise McCauley Parks

She wasn't sitting in a White's Only section when the bus driver told her to move.
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