History's HEROES?

Teachers' section

Curriculum links to KS3 Citizenship

"Education for citizenship equips young people with the knowledge, skills and understanding to play an effective role in public life. Citizenship encourages them to take an interest in topical and controversial issues and to engage in discussion and debate. Pupils learn about their rights, responsibilities, duties and freedoms and about laws, justice and democracy. They learn to take part in decision-making and different forms of action. They play an active role in the life of their schools, neighbourhoods, communities and wider society as active and global citizens."

DfE website, KS3 citizenship curriculum

2.1 Critical thinking and enquiry

Pupils should be able to:
a. engage with and reflect on different ideas, opinions, beliefs and values when exploring topical and controversial issues and problems
b. research, plan and undertake enquiries into issues and problems using a range of information and sources
c. analyse and evaluate sources used, questioning different values, ideas and viewpoints and recognising bias.

The information in this site gives plenty of opportunities for pupils to reflect on different issues, to undertake enquiries into them and to engage in debate. In particular, the "Views and Opinions" and "Was He/She a Hero?" sections provoke such activity (for example, in Elizabeth Fry's case, does making life better for prisoners encourage more crime?) and offer sources with which to work.

The following Teaching ideas specifically address these requirements:

What makes a hero?

Just how heroic?

Great National Heroes

2.2 Advocacy and representation

Pupils should be able to:
a. express and explain their own opinions to others through discussions, formal debates and voting
b. communicate an argument, taking account of different viewpoints and drawing on what they have learnt through research, action and debate
c. justify their argument, giving reasons to try to persuade others to think again, change or support them
d. represent the views of others, with which they may or may not agree.

Use the "Make a Speech" activity in the "Activities" section to present an argument, and the "Your hero" section to practise advocacy on behalf of an historic individual.

The following Teaching ideas specifally address these requirements:

Just how heroic? (Balloon debate)

Who's your hero?

Make a speech

Discovery Box

Great Campaigners

The study of citizenship should include:
a. political, legal and human rights, and responsibilities of citizens

e. actions that individuals, groups and organisations can take to influence decisions affecting communities and the environment

The information in the site provides plenty of examples of political or social activism: 

  • Oliver Cromwell and Thomas Paine (promoting democracy and human rights
  • Elizabeth Fry (tackling poor conditions in prison)
  • Thomas Buxton (working to abolish slavery)
  • Martineau and Duleep Singh (advocating rights for women)

The following Teaching ideas specifically address these requirements:

Just how heroic?

Great Campaigners

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