History's HEROES? - 60 or 61


Boudica - Timeline

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BC 55-54 The Roman general Julius Caesar invades Britain two years running. Then he leaves, never to return. However, he makes a treaty with various British tribes, who are keen to have friendly relations with the Romans.
BC 54- AD 43 The Iceni tribe want nothing to do with the Roman traders. They think that things like Roman wine will have a bad effect on their culture (way of life).
43 The Roman Emperor Claudius sends a large Roman Army to invade southern Britain. Most British tribes put up little resistance.
43-44 The Iceni, like several other tribes, make a treaty with the Romans.
47 The Iceni stage a revolt against the Roman conquerors when the Romans call on all tribes in southern Britain to disarm.
The Iceni are defeated and become a 'client kingdom', with Prasutagus as king. This means that the Romans will allow them to keep most of their independence as long as they stay friendly.
49-54 Camulodunum (now Colchester) is built by the Romans as their principal town in Britain.
49-60 Sometime during these years, Prasutagus marries Boudica, who is probably from a noble family either of the Iceni or the Trinovantes. They have two daughters.
54 October 13th - Claudius dies. After his death a temple and a statue to the divine Claudius are erected in Camuloduoum.
54-58 The people in the lands around the town of Camulodunum are driven out to make way for the retired soldiers, causing great resentment.
58 Gaius Seutonius Paulinus is made governor of Britain. He has had a long and successful military career, and has been appointed to crush all opposition to Roman rule.
60-61 Seutonius Paulinus leads a campaign against the island of Mona (now Anglesey) in north Wales. Mona is a refuge for British rebels and contains sites holy to the Celts.
60-61 King Prasutagus dies. He has made a will leaving half his wealth and lands to the emperor Nero and the other half to his daughters. His death leaves Boudica to reign as queen.
60-61 Decianus, the Roman Procurator (an official responsible for collecting taxes in a province) decides that Prasutagus' will is not valid, and all his lands and goods should go to the emperor. He starts taking these lands by force.
60-61 Boudica protests about the soldiers taking the lands, buildings and goods, half of which should belong to her daughters. For daring to protest, Decianus has her publicly whipped, and her young daughters beaten and abused in front of her.
60-61 The Romans continue taking lands and goods, and sending the wealthy as well as the peasants into slavery; Boudica wants revenge.
60-61 Boudica gets together with other angry Iceni leaders as well as the leaders of the neighbouring kingdom of Trinovantes, and plans a rebellion.
60-61 They decide to attack Camulodunum (Colchester) first. The town is now the home of many retired Roman military personnel. It is not well defended.
News of Boudica's Army approaching reaches the inhabitants of Camulodunum; they beg for reinforcements but Decianus sends only 200 men. Many of the soldiers retreat to the stronghold of the temple of Claudius.
60-61 Boudica's Army falls upon the poorly defended town and massacres the inhabitants. They then lay siege to the temple.
60-61 The siege lasts for two days, before the temple is overwhelmed by the Britons. No-one is spared. Meanwhile, the Ninth Legion, under Petilius Cerialis, is marching to relieve the siege of Camulodunum.
60-61 Boudica's victorious Army turns to meet the Ninth Legion and defeats them severely. The Legion retreats.
60-61 On hearing of the uprising, Seutonius marches his troops back from north Wales to Londinium. He decides that the town is not easily defended and leaves it, with those of the inhabitants who will be of help to his Army.
Boudica's Army marches into undefended Londinium and slay all the people remaining. They then burn the town to the ground before turning their sights on Verulamium (St. Albans).
Hearing of the advance of Boudica's hordes and the fate of Londinium and Camulodunum, many of the residents of Verulamium flee before the onslaught of the Britons.
60-61 The inhabitants of Verulamium are massacred and the town razed to the ground.
61 Seutonius knows his troops are outnumbered by the massive Army of the Britons. He marches north to the Midlands, in search of a suitable place to stand his ground. Eventually, he finds an area on a hillside backed by a forest, with no chance of being surprised.
Boudica and her forces, flush with success, march to meet Seutonius' Army, believing themselves invincible. They bring huge numbers of carts and wagons with supplies, women and even children with them. They set up camp opposite Seutonius' forces.
61 Boudica delivers a rousing speech to her Army. They charge into battle and are met with a hail of Roman javelins as they approach the enemy line.
61 The Roman forces create a wedge formation and drive cavalry and archers through the Britons' line, splitting them in two.
Towards the end of the day, as the Britons realise they are losing, many try to flee the battlefield but are hampered by the wagons and carts and thousands are caught by the Romans, who show no mercy to them or their women and children.
Rumours spread as to how Boudica dies, some say of her battle wounds, others that she and her daughters drink poison to stop themselves falling into the hands of the Romans.
97-98 Tacitus writes 'Agricola', a biography on his father-in-law Agricola who served on the staff of the military governor of Britain at the time of the revolt, giving the fist written account of the uprising.
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